Olivier Gschwend

I was born in Switzerland in 1982. I followed a scientific education and became a researcher in neuroscience. I am studying how the brain computes sensory and cognitive processes to control adaptive decision-making and behavior.

 

In parallel, I have always explored artistic expression, from drawings to graffiti passing by dancing. In 2008, I started photography and focused on this medium. 

 

As far as I can remember, I have always been interested in the emergence of consciousness. Though neuroscience is a way to study it, it isn't always sufficient. Although it is done outside of the lab environment, part of my photography work tends to question concepts that neuroscience fails sometimes to rationalize fully: identity, beliefs, introspection, memory or ego.

 

Few years ago, I started to take advantage of my daily research to explore the imagery and esthetics of neuroscience outcomes. Following this idea, I try to explore the convergence of scientific and artistic gait by mixing different photographic, digital, sound and plastic media.

ART

EXHIBITIONS

2020

Solo exhibition, « Serendipity » & « Mnemonic », La Ferme du Grand-Cachot-du-Vent, La Chaux-du-Milieu, Switzerland

2019

Collective exhibition, « Serendipity », Les Boutographies, Montpellier, France

2018

 Collective exhibition, 200 pictures for the Aquarius, LargeNetwork gallery, Geneva, Switzerland

2016

Solo exhibition, « Psylocibe cubensis », FOOUND, Geneva, Switzerland

Collective exhibition, « Psylocibe cubensis », OSLO 8, Basel, Switzerland

Collective exhibition, « Psylocibe cubensis », Uno Art Space, Stuttgart, Germany

2015

Collective exhibition, « Psylocibe cubensis », ECAL Lausanne, Switzerland

Collective exhibition, « Psylocibe cubensis », F+F Zürich, Switzerland

Collective exhibition, « Psylocibe cubensis », JUNGKUNST Winterthur, Switzerland

Collective exhibition, « Catachrèse », Belfast Photo Fringe Festival, Belfast, Northern Ireland

Collective exhibition, « Catachrèse », Exposure Award, Le Louvre, Paris, France

2014
Collective exhibition, « Herding chimeras, Catachrèse », Darb 1718, Contemporary Art & Culture Center, Cairo, Egypt

2012
Collective exhibition, « Was bleibt übrig von Glücksbärchi », Artung! Wunderbar, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland.

PUBLICATIONS
2020
« Serendipity », photo-letter.com.
2019
« Psylocibe cubensis», Absorption, YourDailyPhotograph.com

2018

« Psylocibe cubensis», From NE with Love, QG book

2017

« Reductio ad absurdum », Météore n°2, www.journalmeteore.ch.

2016

« Psylocibe cubensis », éditions Doussomssine, doussomssine.ch.

2015

« Psylocibe cubensis», VFG catalogue

« Catachrèse», Exposure Award book

« Reductio ad absurdum », Ithaque n°5, www.itha.ch.

SELECTIONS

2019

« Serendipity », final selection, Les Boutographies photography festival.

« Serendipity », shortlisted, Athen Photo Festival.

2016

« Catachrèse », shortlisted, Athen Photo Festival.

2015

« Catachrèse », final Selection, Exposure Award

« Psylocibe cubensis », final selection, 19th VFG contest for photography young talents

« Catachrèse », final selection, Belfast Photo Fringe Festival, Belfast

2014

« Catachrèse » and « Reductio ad absurdum », shortlisted, 18th  VFG contest for photography young talents

2013
 « Chaikonibo », shortlisted, 17th  VFG contest for photography young talents

NEUROSCIENCE

 

PUBLICATIONS

Articles in preparation

 

Gschwend, O and Li B., 2020. Opposite role of cortico-striatal and portico-thalamic circuits in enabling context-guided behavioral strategy selection. In preparation.

Leon Fodoulian*,Gschwend, O.*, Huber, C.*, Mutel S.*, Salazar, R.*, Roberta Leone,Jean-Rodolphe Renfer,,Ivan Rodriguez and Alan Carleton. 2020. Claustrum to medial prefrontal cortex glutamatergic projections control attentional shifts. 

https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.10.14.339259v1

 

Published articles

Gschwend, O.,Beroud, J., Vincis, R., Rodriguez, I., Carleton, A., 2016. Dense encoding of natural odorants by ensembles of sparsely activated neurons in the olfactory bulb. Sci Rep 6, 36514. 

https://www.nature.com/articles/srep36514

 

Gödde, K., Gschwend, O., Puchkov, D., Pfeffer, C.K., Carleton, A., Jentsch, T.J., 2016. Disruption of Kcc2-dependent inhibition of olfactory bulb output neurons suggests its importance in odor discrimination. Nat Commun 7, 12043. 

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms12043

 

Gschwend, O.*, Abraham, NM.*, Lagier, S., Begnaud, F., Rodriguez, I., and Carleton A. 2015. Neuronal pattern separation in the olfactory bulb improves odor discrimination learning. Nature Neuroscience18, 1474–1482.

https://www.nature.com/articles/nn.4089

Tatti, R., Bhaukaurally, K., Gschwend, O., Seal, R.P., Edwards, R.H., Rodriguez, I., Carleton, A., 2014. A population of glomerular glutamatergic neurons controls sensory information transfer in the mouse olfactory bulb. Nat Commun 5, 3791. 

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms4791

 

Gschwend, O., Beroud, J., Carleton, A., 2012. Encoding odorant identity by spiking packets of rate-invariant neurons in awake mice. PLoS ONE 7, e30155. 

http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030155

 

Vincis, R., Gschwend, O.*, Bhaukaurally, K.*, Beroud, J., Carleton, A., 2012. Dense representation of natural odorants in the mouse olfactory bulb. Nature Neuroscience 15, 537–539. 

https://www.nature.com/articles/nn.3057?proof=trueIn

 

* equal contribution

 

Book chapter

 

Menini, A., Bathellier, B., Gschwend, O., Carleton, A., 2010. Temporal Coding in Olfaction. CRC Press, Boca Raton (FL).

 

 

CONFERENCES AND ABSTRACTS

 

Gschwend, O, Zhang X., Yang T., Li B., Prefrontal cortex enables cognitive flexibility and bias. Society for Neuroscience International Conference, 2019, Chicago, USA.

 

Gschwend, O, Zhang X., Yang T., Li B., Prefrontal cortex orchestrates context-dependent decision making under sensory ambiguity. Swiss Society for Neuroscience annual meeting, 2019, Geneva, Switzerland.

 

Mutel, S.*, Gschwend, O*,Salazar, R*, Huber, C*, Leone, R, Renfer, J-R, Fodoulian, L, Rodriguez, I, and Carleton, A. Claustrum to medial prefrontal glutamatergic projections control attentional shifts. Swiss Society for Neuroscience annual meeting, 2019, Geneva, Switzerland.

 

Mutel, S.*, Gschwend, O*,Salazar, R*, Huber, C*, Leone, R, Renfer, J-R, Fodoulian, L, Rodriguez, I, and Carleton, A. Claustrum to medial prefrontal glutamatergic projections control attentional shifts. Society for Neuroscience International Conference, 2018, San Diego, USA.

 

Gschwend, O, Abraham, N.M., Rodriguez I. and Carleton A. Pattern decorrelation in population of olfactory bulb output neurons predicts odour discrimination in awake mice. Society for Neuroscience International Conference, 2013, San Diego, USA.

 

Gschwend, O, Beroud. J., and Carleton A. Encoding odors by spike packets sequences from ensemble of rate-invariant neurons in awake mice. Society for Neuroscience International Conference, 2011, Washington, USA.

 

Vincis, R*. Gschwend, O*, Beroud. J., Baukhaurally, K. and Carleton A. Dense coding of natural stimuli in the olfactory bulb of awake mice. Society for Neuroscience International Conference, 2011, Washington, USA.

 

Gschwend, O, Vincis, R.  Beroud. J., Baukhaurally, K. and Carleton A. Dense coding of natural stimuli in the olfactory bulb of awake mice. Annual meeting for Lemanic Neuroscience, 2011, Les Diablerets, Switzerland.

 

Gschwend, O, Beroud. J., K. and Carleton A. Encoding odorants by rate-invariant outputs neurons in the olfactory bulb. Swiss Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting, 2010, Bern, Switzerland.

 

Gschwend, O, and Carleton A. Absence of pattern decorrelation in anesthetised and awake mice. ENI-Net Annual Meeting, 2010, Coimbra, Portugal

 

Gschwend, O, and Carleton A. Neural encoding of odorants does not imply pattern decorrelation in anesthetised mice. ENI-Net Annual Meeting, 2009, Crete, Greece.

 

HONORS

 

2017-2020, Swiss National Science Foundation advanced post-doc mobility fellowship.

2018-2020, NARSAD Young Investigator Grant.

2016, Pfizer prize for the best work in fundamental neuroscience.

2016, Machaon Foundation grant for young promising researcher.

2011, Best poster in fundamental neuroscience, Fund Jean Falk-Vairantawards, Lemanic neuroscience meeting.

2011, Travel grant of Lemanic neuroscience, SFN Annual Meeting, Washington.